Description of Cow Protection
Srimad-Bhagavatam 2.9.3 --Melbourne, April 5, 1972
Prabhupada: ... We have to keep some cows. Never mind we are totake payment from others. That is not cow protection. Cow protection meansjust like Bhagavan, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He is tending thecows. He is going, taking the cows personally from His royal palace going tothe forest whole day, working there. Is it not, cowherds boy? And taken somelittle fruit, mother, whatever mother has given. They are playing that. Sothis is cow protection, not that "Somebody will give money and we shall keepsome third class cows and feed there and become cow protector." We must tendthe cows very nicely so that they give us sufficient milk. And with thatmilk we shall live.
Srimad-Bhagavatam 1.16.19 -- Hawaii, January 15, 1974
Prabhupada: ....So in this movement, our one program is to respectthe cows. We chant this mantra, namo brahmanya-devaya go-brahmana-hitayaca. The brahminical culture and the cows... Why they have selected thecows? There are so many animals. Why cow protection is so important in Krsnaconsciousness? Why Krsna personally Himself became a cowherd boy and wastaking the care of the cows and the calves? Oh, that is very essential.
And here also, we see that the Dharmaraja is inquiring about the comforts ofthe cow. Amba, kaccid bhadre, what is, anamayam atmanas te.Amayam means disease. So "Whether you are quite comfortable by your health?"This is very essential to keep cows very comfortably. If they feelcomfortable, then you get the most nourishing food, milk. We are practicallyseeing in our New Vrindaban center, because the cow are feeling secure inour custody, they're delivering milk up to the eighty pounds daily. You'llbe surprised. So if you get milk products, milk, then you can prepare somany preparations full of vitamins, which will nourish your brain.
Bhagavad-gita 2.46-47 -- New York, March 28, 1966
Prabhupada: Vaisya means the mercantile community. They are meantfor giving protection to the animals, and produce grain, and distribute andmake trade on them. That's all. Because formerly there was no industry --people generally depended on agricultural work -- therefore the mercantilecommunity, they used to produce food grains and distribute them, andprotection of cow was their duty. As the king was entrusted to protect thelife of the citizens, similarly, the vaisya class, or the mercantile class,they were entrusted to protect the life of cow. Why particularly cow isprotected? Because milk is very essential food for the human society,therefore cow protection is the duty of the human society. That is theconception of Vedic literature.
Sunday Feast Lecture -- Atlanta, March 2, 1975
Prabhupada: ....Therefore... Just like the discussion went on withthe Kazi and Caitanya Mahaprabhu. There was no philosophy. He first askedhim that "Cow is your mother. Bull is your father. Why you are killingfather and mother? What is your religion? Is that very good philosophy, thatyou shall kill your father and mother and eat them?" This was the firstquestion. According to Vedic civilization, cow is to be given allprotection. The Hindus or followers of the Vedic religion, why they areinterested to give protection to the cows, not to the..., not so much to theother animals? And Lord Christ is more liberal. He said, "Thou shalt notkill." He does not name any animal's name. Every animal. Every animal shouldbe given protection. That is also the Vedic idea.
Srimad-Bhagavatam 8.8.11 - Purport
Civilized men who follow the system of varnasrama, especially those ofthe vaisya class, who engage in agriculture and trade, must give protectionto the cows.
Light of the Bhagavata Text 9
With good rains, the farmer's business in agriculture flourishes.Agriculture is the noblest profession. It makes society happy, wealthy,healthy, honest, and spiritually advanced for a better life after death. Thevaisya community, or the mercantile class of men, take to this profession.In Bhagavad-gita the vaisyas are described as the natural agriculturalists,the protectors of cows, and the general traders. When Lord Sri Krsnaincarnated Himself at Vrndavana, He took pleasure in becoming a beloved sonof such a vaisya family. Nanda Maharaja was a big protector of cows, andLord Sri Krsna, as the most beloved son of Nanda Maharaja, used to tend Hisfather's animals in the neighboring forest. By His personal example LordKrsna wanted to teach us the value of protecting cows. Nanda Maharaja issaid to have possessed nine hundred thousand cows, and at the time of LordSri Krsna (about five thousand years ago) the tract of land known asVrndavana was flooded with milk and butter. Therefore God's giftedprofessions for mankind are agriculture and cow protection.